News Prioritise defence modernisation

eagle

Field Marshal
Field Marshal
Messages
999
Likes
4
Location
Vidisha
Country
India
Location
India
#1

‘We are looking to cut defence imports by 35-40%’

Connectivity projects on India’s NE border have been overly delayed. This not only drains finances, it compromises security

Budget 2018 has stated the Government’s intent to develop the nation’s military capabilities both in terms of developing connectivity infrastructure and modernising the armed forces.

With the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor rapidly taking shape, the China-Pakistan embrace has got much tighter as has the convergence between China and Russia. China has intensified military engagements with several South Asian and Indian Ocean region states.

Most recent is the unconfirmed report of China exploring possibility of a military base in Wakhan Corridor, Afghanistan.

Big on Belligerence

Since 2013, the level of belligerence along the Line of Actual Control has been increasing — Depsang, Chumar and the prolonged face-off at Doklam last year are indicative of this. From a small, ostensibly anti-piracy deployment in 2013-14 in the Gulf of Aden, the number Chinese warships and submarines in the Indian Ocean has been rising.

The scale and content of Chinese military exercises in Tibet and Xinjiang and the air force joint exercise with Pakistan are noteworthy. In J&K, by the end of 2017, tensions along the line of control multiplied manifold. Effectively, there’s a continuous, ongoing sub-conventional conflict with high risk of escalation.

Alongside these direct security challenges are international expectations for India to be a net provider of security in the Indian Ocean and beyond.

The finance minister told Parliament, “To secure India’s defences, we are developing connectivity infrastructure in border areas.”

What is the cost and time it takes to develop connectivity infrastructure? The 8.8-km Rohtang tunnel was conceived in 1998; on October 15, 2017, the two ends of the tunnel finally met and is is expected to get operational by August 2019. The estimated cost of the project increased from ₹1,700 crore in 2010 to ₹4,000 crore in 2019. The Zozila tunnel is planned at a capital cost of ₹6,808.69 crore.

The 9.15-km long Bhupen Hazarika bridge across the Lohit river, constructed at a cost of ₹950 crore in six years, was inaugurated in May 2017. Also expected to be inaugurated this year is Bogibeel, the easternmost bridge across the Brahmaputra. Its cost has spiralled from ₹1,767 crore in 2002 to ₹6,000 crore.

Simplify Processes

Considering the last-mile connectivity that the Chinese have achieved across our entire northern front, it is critical to reduce the time and cost of these projects.

For this, urgent process simplification is needed. Infusing high technology in executing the projects is imperative.

The budget has allocated ₹2,95,511.41 crore for defence, approximately 12.1 per cent of the total outlay. In terms of defence expenditure as percentage of Central expenditure, the allocation has dropped from 15.24 per cent in 2000-01 to 12.1 per cent. It is 1.58 per cent of the GDP, amongst the lowest in some time. India’s total military spending is fourth or fifth highest in the world, but in terms of per capita military expenditure it is comparatively low.

Despite the inadequacy of funds for modernisation, the underutilisation of capital allocations year after year is ironic. In an environment of competing demands on the budget, and the multiplicity and complexity of threats, prioritisation of defence modernisation requirements is absolutely critical.

At the current levels of import dependence, the modernisation plans are difficult to sustain. The force modernisation budget has the potential to contribute much more to the indigenous industrial base, R&D and job creation. Saving to exchequer will happen if we optimise on the revenue to employment ratio in the public sector and further leverage the potential of the private sector.

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made a good beginning by promulgating a revised policy for simplifying Make 2 — the 100 per cent industry-funded development projects for simple, indigenous requirements. Likewise, it is essential to implement many of the other policy provisions already articulated.

Three functions need focus: prioritising requirements, effective spending and justified supplementary allocation. This requires urgent reforms in structures for joint military planning; capital procurement with role distinction and accountability, optimised revenue expenditure and incentives for Make in India. In order to deal with the emerging threats, the allocation needs to be scaled up to over 2 per cent of GDP.

Additional allocation at the revised estimates stage is imperative, even if it comes with a caveat, subject to progress and prudence of expenditure.

Source - thehindubusinessline
 
Messages
1
Likes
0
#2
Well, everybody advises but nobody follow these.. I guess the govt needs to trim the bureaucracy and allow the armed forces to take decisions, they have the expertise and therefore will make quick decisions!
 
Messages
1
Likes
0
#3
Well, everybody advises but nobody follow these.. I guess the govt needs to trim the bureaucracy and allow the armed forces to take decisions, they have the expertise and therefore will make quick decisions!
Army do not have the expertise. .They do not even know what kind of Assault rifle they want. Can you tell what kind of assault rifle India needs? Only DRDO can make proper specification considering manufacturing limitations. When the army made the specification for assault rifle none of the rifle manufacturers submitted quotation saying it is impossible to manufacture as per the Army's specification. So stop blaming others. If bureaucrats are bad how did India became a 4th military power in the world?
 
Messages
6
Likes
0
#4
If DMRL and CVRDE joins hands together and does some solid research on Titanium alloys, HNS steel alloys and composites structures- then they can easily invent a new Kanchan Armor in order to reduce Arjun MBT3 total loaded weight to 55 tons only - with a totally re-designed turret and hull for lower profile stealthier silhoutte soon next....
 
Messages
2
Likes
0
#5
Army do not have the expertise. .They do not even know what kind of Assault rifle they want. Can you tell what kind of assault rifle India needs? Only DRDO can make proper specification considering manufacturing limitations. When the army made the specification for assault rifle none of the rifle manufacturers submitted quotation saying it is impossible to manufacture as per the Army's specification. So stop blaming others. If bureaucrats are bad how did India became a 4th military power in the world?
"They do not even know what kind of Assault rifle they want".. Do they get what they want..??
India needed 7.62 class rifles in LOC regions along with Pakistan, IA have been putting this Requirement from 1999 own words..
Even Pakistan Army gets what they want they have been using 7.62'a as standard assault rifles..
"Only DRDO can make proper specification considering manufacturing limitations."..

"When the army made the specification for assault rifle none of the rifle manufacturers submitted quotation saying it is impossible to manufacture as per the Army's specification"...
Army's specification was vary simple which is 7.62X51 specific requirements.. which is better stopping power and effective range..
And Yes DRDO said it was impossible..
IWI proved they where wrong(that is some thing professionals do)..

Now they will import rifles and produce many here also..
If you think its Impossible then how come OFB made ghatak..?? DON'T PUT BLAME ON THE USER FOR THE INCOMPETENCE OF THE DEVELOPER....
 
Messages
1
Likes
0
#6
India needs to consider the following -

1. Make Output norms for Think Tanks ( defense & military ) & Spark Groups ( as advising on social issues & governance maturity etc ) besides encourage Tanks on the very Economic aspect of Indian Thinking ( economic costs & issues for any & all considerations ) thus to reap most nuanced operating outlook in near time once the very concept firms up etc.

Thus all such Groups must get listed as in a separate category of NGO's with equal & matching supervision & monitoring etc . Every pandering needs to be Outcome based or close shop . Incubating newer & better systemic approach besides tools for applications etc .

2. India needs to go Digital especially in common pooling utilities & features that spreads over Training ( basic ) storage ( basic ) logistics ( both vehicles & fuel ) besides armaments etc. Thus India must optimize to keep structures occupied & utlized for a better part of the year & not merely use grounds for polo & horse riding besides entertainment for the exclusive club . - Gora's have long gone & their very baggage must either get shed along with its very mindset as well .

3. India must digitize All Buying, especially of miscellaneous & repetitive items thus the very E-portal must get exposed for the military for the very serving of common producers & sellers to the Indian Military .

In the regard Govt. must seriously consider allowing & only letting Farmers supply key products directly to the Military ( in line to doubling the very income of the formers ) thus cutting out the fat besides middle men etc .

Co-operatives ( farmers ) must get pressed into the very service by Panchayats clearing investments in order to value add & sell more products to the Military directly .

Imagine the predicament - Indian spends ( Trillions of Rs. ) & India Produces ( Farmers ) Indian wants Farmers to become strong financially but is unable to lay the very pathway for its empowerment of merely connecting the two ( producer with consumer ) .

The Military ( Force ) spends Huge to massive amount for its day to day etc thus any & every saving as such would create a rather impressive corpus to realize the real meaning & worthwhile outcomes besides culling the very parasites & unwanted & immoral shenanigans .

4. India must rate platforms & systems that but need to be locally sourced irrespective, thus mandating the very Forces to make do with the very outcome irrespective ( thus bringing in play the very Indian Navy approach for Happy & Real outcomes )

5. Indian armaments & Research organizations must be woken up with a few knocks , as to get going in earnest & deliver meaningful outcomes so as to ensure most weaponization of its very platforms .

What does not discussed ever is the very High costs of buying weapons over systems & the sheer inability of India to localize the same poste haste , thus strictures & structures must become more sensitive & accountable of time lines .

6. India must look to creating edifices & eco system rather then pander to owing assets & platforms which once possessed quickly become redundant & obsolete , pushing India into its very vicious cycle .

7. Indian military must become a force generator of its own Finances , thus a breed of Soldiers must also get taught & exposed to international affairs workings so as to contribute towards Indian exports thus aiding in its very imports of newer & more sophisticated systems etc .

8. India must start working on a model of discourages a life time worth of Pension to making every soldiers Family more self sustaining & empowering by better & current skills imparting etc . Thus doles does not Qualify as Rights & Entitlement BUT a DOLE straight & simple .

9. The top heavy structures need to get pruned with more output or reduced in numbers by digital performance enhancements etc Thus India needs to invest in more integrated & modern communications & networked command posts highly digitized & network for a ore sustaining outcome rather then to continue to suffer reliance & reduced outputs etc .

10. Just as India yearns for Weaponization & Modernization . India must accord a most critical & important feature of Infra structure & Networked communication .

India needs Military Infra structure besides layered & dimensional operating modes & forms of communication to get equally accorded priority if not more primacy .

Sound infra obviates the very need of extra & excess forces besides redundant weapons for their very utilization & optimization becomes a given . India must become the world's exclusive complete SWING FORCE.

Thus Indian soldiers in their entirety MUST be able to operate from one theater to another ( West,North & East ) Navy must realize its very platforms to express presence with its longish weapons arms . Thus India must create effective alternates to the very solutions rather then pander to expensive buys .

eg. - small missile ships with limited span BUT carrying Nirbhays ranging from 1000 - 3000 kms changes the entire funding besides outcome features for India . The Point Being PHYSICAL PRESENCE MUST get ALTERNATED WITH REAL & OMNIPRESENT FEATURE IN DESIRED NUMBERS of / for Indian Military .

India MUST localize its entire Missile requirements ,besides create newer generational ones . thus A NEWER & MORE DEADLIER programme must get initiated for a new generation of missiles more precise , costs effective besides MIRV as its very basic feature .

Cry wolf cannot & must not dictate our very outlook but India has most potential in defining its very Outcomes besides the very Character of orientation as matter for / of its very Security .

High Time the Outlook got INWARDS focused rather then being attracted by superficial glitters .